Friday, June 19, 2009

The Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina

March 1, 1669

Our sovereign lord the King having, out of his royal grace and bounty, granted unto us the province of Carolina, with all the royalties, properties, jurisdictions, and privileges of a county palatine, as large and ample as the county palatine of Durham, with other great privileges; for the better settlement of the government of the said place, and establishing the interest of the lords proprietors with equality and without confusion; and that the government of this province may be made most agreeable to the monarchy under which we live and of which this province is a part; and that we may avoid erecting a numerous democracy, we, the lords and proprietors of the province aforesaid, have agreed to this following form of government, to be perpetually established amongst us, unto which we do oblige ourselves, our heirs and successors, In the most binding ways that can be devised.

One. The eldest of the lords proprietors shall be palatine; and, upon the decease of the palatine, the eldest of the seven surviving proprietors shall always succeed him.

For entire text, consisting of 120 articles: Click Here.

Note: At the time the Carolina colony had not yet been split into a North and South Carolina.

To see Carolina's original 1663 charter: Click Here.

To see Carolina's revised 1665 charter: Click Here.

Pursuant to these charters two documents were issued specifying various details about the governance of the the colony:

A Declaration and Proposals of the Lord Proprietor of Carolina, Aug. 25-Sept. 4, 1663. To view: Click Here.

Concessions and Agreements of the Lords Proprietors of the Province of Carolina, 1665. To view: Click Here.

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